Here is the digital handout version of my powerpoint presentation:
- Smallest by land of Greater Antilles
- Includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands
- Vieques, Culebra, and Mona
Brief History of Puerto Rico
- Columbus discovered in 1493
- Native people known as Tainos
- Under spanish rule, Tainos forced into slavery
- Tainos nearly wiped out due to European diseases
- Span ceded Puerto Rico to United States in Treaty of Paris 1898
- Since 1947, Puerto Rican citizens are able to elect their own governor but they cannot vote in U.S. presidential election
Poverty in Puerto Rico
- 3.8 million people live in Puerto Rico
- As of 2008, 44.8% o the population is below the poverty level
- As of 2011, there was a 16% unemployment rate
- Average family size: 3.6 – Average income per family: $27, 017
- As of 2007, 1.479 million people in the labor force (2.1% agriculture, 19% industry, 79% services)
- During Great Depression, heavy migration to New York City
Migration: The Puerto Rican Experience
- From mid 1940s through mid 1960s violent gang activity in New York City
- More gangs popped up when the country changed from war production/manufacturing jobs to service jobs (or jobs requiring an education)
- Youth facing discrimination more likely to join
- Gangs faded in the 1960s due to public programs and increased drug use (heroin)
Gangland: Latin Kings of NYC Part 1
You can find the PowerPoint presentation here:
ABC News. “Latin Kinds of New York City Part 1 of 2.” Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=59oQdI5xnLA&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL9E58BABFDA158478>.
Bronxnettelevision. “Migration: The Puerto Rican Experience.” YouTube. YouTube, 02 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJnvmcsF6-A>.
Greene, Judith, and Kevin Pranis. “Chapter 1: Gangs in New York City.” Gang Wars: The Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies. [Washington, D.C.]: Justice Policy Institute, 2007. Print.
“Puerto Rico.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_rico>.
Rivera, Magaly. “Economy.” Welcome to Puerto Rico! 2012. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://www.topuertorico.org/economy.shtml>.
Szalay, Lorand, Glorisa Canino, and Shelley Vilov. “Vulnerabilities and Cultural Change: Drug Use among Puerto Rican Adolescents in the United States.” Substance Use & Misuse 28.4 (1993): 327-54. Print.